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Prevention and control measures for Japanese Encephalitis (JE) involve a combination of strategies targeting both the vector and the human population. Here are some key approaches:

  1. Vaccination:

As per Govt. of India guidelines, 2 doses of JE vaccines have been approved in routine immunization for endemic districts -one along with measles at the age of 9 months and the second with DPT booster at the age of 16-24 months w.e.f. April, 2013.

  1. Vector Control: Mosquito control: Targeting mosquito populations is an important aspect of JE prevention. Measures include larval source reduction through the elimination or treatment of mosquito breeding sites, such as stagnant water sources. This can be achieved through environmental management, proper water storage practices, and the use of larvicides.
  2. Indoor residual spraying: The application of insecticides to indoor surfaces, particularly in areas with high mosquito densities, can help reduce the number of infected mosquitoes and minimize human-mosquito contact.
  3. Personal Protective Measures: Avoiding mosquito bites: Individuals should take precautions to minimize exposure to mosquitoes, particularly during peak biting times. This includes wearing long-sleeved clothing, using insect repellents on exposed skin, and staying in well-screened or air-conditioned accommodations.
  4. Use of mosquito nets: Sleeping under mosquito nets, especially in areas without access to insecticide-treated bed nets, provides an additional layer of protection against mosquito bites.
  5. Health Education and Awareness: Public health education campaigns play a vital role in raising awareness about JE, its transmission, and preventive measures. Promoting community participation and providing information on personal protection measures, vaccination, and vector control can empower individuals to take necessary precautions.

Note: Piggeries may be kept away (4-5 kms) from human dwellings.