Government of India National Center for Vector Borne Diseases Control (NCVBDC) Department of Health & Family Welfare
National Center for Vector Borne Diseases Control (NCVBDC) - Government of India
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JE is basically a disease of animals. Pigs and birds, particularly those belonging to Family Ardeidae (e.g. cattle egrets, pond herons, etc.) are natural hosts. The virus is generally maintained in the enzootic form and appears as focal outbreaks under specific ecological conditions. Infection in human beings is caused as a result of spill-over of infection from zoonotic cycle. At low vector density level the virus circulates in ardied birds-mosquito ardied bird cycle. However, at the commencement of monsoon season or increased availability of surface area mosquito breeding e.g. paddy cultivate etc., the vector population builds up rapidly, the virus from wild birds through vector mosquito species spreads to peri domestic birds and then to mammals like cattle and pigs, etc. and eventually spills over to man.