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What is Japanese Encephalitis?


Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is zoonotic viral disease which is caused by JE virus. The virus is transmitted from animals, birds, pigs, particularly the birds belonging to family Ardeidae (eg. cattle egrets, pond herons etc.) to man by Vishnui group of Culex mosquito. It may result in febrile illness of variable severity and affects the central nervous system causing severe complications, seizures and even death. The Case Fatality Rate (CFR) of this disease is high and those who survive may suffer with various degrees of neurological sequelae.